The Korean War Cease-fire
On July 27, 1953 after 2 years of peace negotiations, a cease-fire of the Korean War was called at the 38th parallel, the major dividing line in Korea.
At this time a demilitarized zone (DMZ) was established around the 38th parallel. The DMZ runs north of the 38th parallel towards the east, and to the south as it travels west.
Stalemate leading to the Cease-fire
(July 1951 – July 1953):
The later years of the war involved little territory change, large-scale bombing of the north and its population, and lengthy peace negotiations, which began on July 10, 1951, at Kaesong. Even during the peace negotiations, combat continued.
On November 29, 1952, U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfilled a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to help end the conflict. With the U.N.’s acceptance of India’s proposal for a Korean armistice, a cease-fire was established on July 27, 1953.
It is reported that approximately 480,000 U.S. troops fought in the Korean War, with an estimated: 36,940 people killed, over 92,134 wounded, 8,176 MIA, and 7,245 POW. China lost an estimated 183,000 people and North Korea 215,000.
July 27, 1995 – Korean War Veterans Memorial
On July 27, 1995, the Korean War Veterans Memorial was built in Washington, D.C. and was dedicated to the Veterans of the war. The design of the memorial is a triangle intersecting a circle consisting of:
- Above: 19 stainless steel statues designed by Frank Gaylord. The statues represent a squad on patrol, 15 Army, 2 Marines, 1 Navy Corpsman, and 1 Air Force Forward Air Observer. To the north is a path closing one side of the triangle.
Above: To the south, is a 164 foot long black granite wall, created by Louis Nelson, with photographic images sandblasted into it depicting soldiers, equipment and people involved in the war. The third side of the triangle, facing towards the Lincoln Memorial, is open.
Above: The circle contains the Pool of Remembrance surrounded by granite blocks with the casualty numbers of the war engraved and the inscription:
- “Our nation honors her sons and daughters who answered the call to defend a country they never knew and a people they never met.”
An additional granite wall bears the inscription:
“Freedom Is Not Free“, posted in silver.
We send our prayers to all who sacrificed, both past and present, living and deceased. Thank You to our Korean War Veterans…along with ALL of our U.S. Veterans and active Military!